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A to Z

Need help finding information on our website, or other information resources on the Americans with Disabilities Act? Use this quick A to Z list to help.

Access Board

The Access Board is an independent federal agency that was charged with developing the guidelines that were eventually adopted by the Department of Justice and Department of Transportation as the enforceable Standards.

Visit the U.S. Access Board website and their ADA Standards page

ADA, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as Amended

The U.S. Department of Justice writes, "...The Americans with Disabilities Act gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, State and local government services, and telecommunications. (From  ADA Questions and Answers

The text of the ADA as amended

ADA Amendments Act of 2008

The ADA was amended in 2008. The EEOC on the website provides a brief overview: "The Act emphasizes that the definition of disability should be construed in favor of broad coverage of individuals to the maximum extent permitted by the terms of the ADA and generally shall not require extensive analysis." The EEOC has posted the text of the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 and an information page about their  final rules and regulations implementing the Amendments Act.

In an article, "ADA or ADAAA, You Say 'Potato,' I Say 'Patato'" from their Enews (Volume 10, Issue 3, Third Quarter, 2012), JAN provides an explanation of why the ADA is now the "ADA, as amended."

ADA National Network

"The ADA National Network consists of ten Regional ADA National Network Centers located throughout the United States that provide local assistance to ensure that the ADA is implemented wherever possible. We are not an enforcement or regulatory agency, but a helpful resource supporting the ADA's mission to "make it possible for everyone with a disability to live a life of freedom and equality." Find out more about the ADA National Network (or find your Regional ADA Center)

Indiana's Regional ADA Center is the Great Lakes ADA Center. You can call 1-800-949-4232 to receive technical assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act. (It's a free service.)

ADA Questions and Answers

The ADA National Network released an updated version of the “The Americans with Disabilities Act: Questions and Answers.”  Their adapted resource is based on the original publication produced by the EEOC and the DOJ.

View the ADA FAQ Booklet:  https://adata.org/FAQbooklet.  (The booklet is available as a PDF document and online.)

ADA Standards for Accessible Design

The "ADA Standards for Accessible  Design"  are the enforceable accessibility standards from the U.S. Department of Justice. The ADA Standards are also know as the "2010 Standards" to differentiate them from the 1991 ADA Standards for Accessible Design which could be used until March 14, 2012.

ADA Web Search Portal (hosted by the ADA National Network)

The ADA National Network hosts the "ADA Web Search Portal."

ADA Web Search Portal

Books (on the Americans with Disabilities Act)

Each year, ADA-Indiana adds several books and resources related to the ADA to the library maintained at the Indiana Institute on Disability and Community. The Center for Disability Information and Referral maintains the collection. The books and other resources are available for free check-out to Indiana residents.

Conduct Standards and Performance

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has an online resource the address the issue of performance and conduct standards and ADA issues. It is called, "The Americans With Disabilities Act: Applying Performance And Conduct Standards To Employees With Disabilities."

Here are some additional resources:

Coros ADA Community Grants

ADA-Indiana, in collaboration with the Indiana Governor's Council for People with Disabilities

Definition of Disability under the ADA

Disability Etiquette

For a few years now, ADA-Indiana has provided print copies of the United Spinal Association's "Disability Etiquette: Tips on Interacting with People with Disabilities. Feel free to contact us for a print copy, or view their online version below.

Disability Statistics

While there are numerous sources of Disability Statistics available, you might be interested in listening to the archive of an Audio Conference , "Disability Statistics: What are the "real" numbers and how do you make sense of them?" (August 15, 2006), featuring Dr. Andrew Houtenville. (The audio conference was hosted by the ADA National Network.)

Disclosure

Here are some resources about the topic of Disclosure. You might also refer the Job Accommodation Network (JAN) "Employees' Practical Guide to Negotiating and Requesting Reasonable Accommodations Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)" for more information about disclosure and reasonable accommodations.

Education

If you have questions about how the ADA applies to public and private educational entities, please call the Great Lakes ADA Center for technical assistance: (800) 949-4232. The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) handles enforcement for private schools, while the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights handles ADA issues for public schools.

Effective Communication

The ADA National Network presented the topic of Effective Communication in one of their ADA Audio Conferences. If you would like a good overview of Effective Communication, we would encourage you to visit the archive of the session, "Did you hear me? Ensuring effective communication with your customers" (November 15, 2011).

Emergency Preparedness 

The ADA National Network has several resources on the topic of Emergency Preparedness. 

Events and Accessibility

The ADA National Network has a couple of resources on the topic of event planning and the ADA.

 

Family & Medical Leave Act

If you would like more information about the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), please visit the U.S. Department of Labor, Wages and Hour Division (WHD) and their web resources on the FMLA. We have provided some resources below that may answer some of the questions of the interaction between FMLA and the Americans with Disabilities Act.

 

Fair Housing Act

Have a question about the Fair Housing Act?

Funding

One of the common questions that ADA-Indiana receives is what are some additional funding sources for making accessibility improvements in our community. While our Coros ADA Grants program is a source of funding for training and other educational activities on the Americans with Disabilities Act, the grant funds can not be used to fund capital improvements or equipment purchases. Here is a very short list that may give your organization some ideas:

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act

The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, or GINA, is a federal law that addresses

Grants

ADA-Indiana has an annual grants program that is funded the Indiana Governor's Council for People with Disabilities.

Guardianship and the ADA

The Southeast ADA Center covered the topic of Guardianship and the application of the ADA in an episode on their ADA Live Radio show.  The archive of show, The Interplay between Guardianship and the ADA, is available online.

HIV/AIDS Discrimination

The U.S. Department of Justice has a section on their website for the technical assistance and information about HIV and AIDS discrimination.

The EEOC has a technical assistance document,  Questions and Answers: The Americans with Disabilities Act and Persons with HIV/AIDS

Hotels

The ADA National Network maintains a website called "Hospitality and Disability" that provides information on for hotels and other places of lodging.

 

Independent Living

The Independent Living movement has been closely aligned with the development and implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Insurance

An online resource from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission … "explains the types of provisions in employer-provided health insurance plans that may violate the ADA. The guidance describes how to identify "disability-based" distinctions in health insurance plans and gives examples of several specific types of provisions that may violate the ADA. "

Interactive Process

The "Interactive Process" is the language used to describe the EEOC recommendation on how an employer might approach recognizing and handling a request for a "reasonable accommodation" under the employment provisions of the ADA.

The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) has an online resource the provide more information on how employer might approach the "interactive process" in handling accommodation requests. Visit:  http://askjan.org/topics/interactive.htm

Job Accomodation

Within the context of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the term "job accommodation" (or workplace accommodation) generally refers to the concept of Reasonable Accommodation under the employment provisions of the ADA. The EEOC document, "Enforcement Guidance: Reasonable Accommodation and Undue Hardship Under the Americans with Disabilities Act," provides an overview of Reasonable Accommodation.

  • Job Accommodation Network (JAN) : JAN provides numerous resources on workplace accommodations, as well as free technical assistance to employers and employees on accommodation solutions.

Job Applicants

The EEOC's Fact Sheet, Job Applicants and the Americans with Disabilities Act,  that addresses many of the questions that a Job Applicant may have on how the ADA may apply to their situation.  

K

Any "K" items? 

Light Duty

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Marion County

Disability Organizations


  • accessABILITY Center for Independent Living

ADA Coordinators


  • City of Indianapolis: Juli Paini
  • Marion County Government

Nonprofits

The Americans with Disabilities Act covers nonprofit organizations. One of the most comprehensive resources is "Renewing the Commitment: An ADA Compliance Guide for Nonprofits." The publication was written by Irene Bowen, an attorney.  (Before becoming a consultant, she worked  as the Deputy Chief of the Disability Rights Section for the U.S. Department of Justice.) The publication provides a very in-depth coverage of how the ADA might apply to a nonprofit: services, facilities, communication, and other areas. There are several "tip sheets" that cover topics like service animals and planning accessible meetings.

Olmstead

In June 2014, many disability organizations celebrated the 15th Anniversary of the Supreme Court 1999 decision on Olmstead v. L.C.

Parenting and the ADA

In 2015, The U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of Health And Human Services released a technical assistance for state and local child welfare agencies regarding the rights of parents with disabilities. The publication, Protecting the Rights of Parents and Prospective Parents with Disabilities:  Technical Assistance for State and Local Child Welfare Agencies and Courts under Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is available online.

Parking

A common question that ADA-Indiana receives is where does the ADA require "blue lines"? That is actually required by our Indiana Code (see link below and search for "blue" on the page).

Performance Standards and the ADA

see C >> "Conduct Standards and Performance" in the A-Z list

People First

"People First" refers to being aware that people with disabilities are "people first." Most commonly used in the context of language, instead of "disabled," use "person with a disability."

A good resource is "The Power of Words: A Guide to Interacting with People with Disabilities" - A resource from the Indiana Governor's Council for People with Disabilities that provides an excellent overview of "People First" language.

Pools

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, "On or after January 31, 2013…all existing pools of public entities and public accommodations must comply with the 2010 Standards to the extent required under title II program accessibility or title III readily achievable barrier removal requirements." (See DOJ's  Accessible Pools: Means of Entry and Exit)

Postsecondary Institutions and Students With Disabilities

In early 2016, the ADA National Network released a new resource: Postsecondary Institutions and Students With Disabilities. The fact sheet covers how the ADA, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and the Fair Housing Act apply to postsecondary institutions.

The publication can be view online and downloaded as a PDF: https://adata.org/factsheet/postsecondary.

Questions and Answers on the ADA

Remember the "yellow book" from the U.S. Department of Justice and the EEOC, you can still view it online: Americans with Disabilities Act: Questions and Answers.

ADA Questions and Answers

The ADA National Network released an updated version of the “The Americans with Disabilities Act: Questions and Answers.” Their adapted resource is based on the original publication produced by the EEOC and the DOJ.

View the ADA FAQ Booklet: https://adata.org/FAQbooklet. (The booklet is available as a PDF document and online.)

Reasonable Accommodation

If you are looking for information on "Reasonable Accommodations" under the ADA, a good starting point is the Job Accommodation Network (JAN). Not only do they have a very useful website (www.askjan.org) but they will also work with individuals and employers on specific accommodation issues.


Service Animals

Many of the resources included in this section cover the revised regulations on "Service Animals" issued by the U.S. Department of Justice.  

Temporary Events

Are you looking for information about the ADA and how it might apply to temporary events such as Street Fairs, Festivals, and other similar activities?

Testing Accommodations and the ADA

In 2015, the U.S. Department of Justice released technical assistance for both private (Title III) and public (Title II) organizations. As the DOJ announced, "… the document discusses who is entitled to testing accommodations, what types of testing accommodations must be provided, and what documentation may be required of the person requesting testing accommodations. The document also discusses prohibited flagging policies and how test scores for test-takers receiving disability-related accommodations should be reported.

DOJ's "Testing Accommodations" for Individuals with Disabilities Who Take Standardized Exams And High-Stakes Tests

Transportation

Easter Seal's Project ACTION was the go-to resource for information about the ADA and transportation. Even though Project ACTION has stop operating, their website (and the learning resources) is still available as an archive.

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Veterans

There are several resources available on the Americans with Disabilities Act for Veterans and those serving them.

Volunteers

Are you looking for information on how (and if) Volunteers are covered under the Americans with Disabilities Act?

Voting

To find out more about how the Americans with Disabilities Act applies to voting (the ADA covers local and state governments), you might want to listen to the archive of "Don't forget to cast your vote! Accessibility of Polling Places" . This ADA Audio Conference from the ADA National Network "aired" on September 18th, 2012. The presenter, Faith Gross, covers not only the ADA but other disability and voting laws as well.

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